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Pet Health

Common Plants and Foods Toxic to Pets

Here is a quick reference guide to the more common house and garden plants and foods (and other substanced) that are toxic to most all animals. If you have these plants or foods, you need to keep them away from your pets. Although it is impossible to list all possible poisons, these guidelines may help you begin to remove or place out of reach most potential problems.

Post close at hand your veterinarian's number, the number of an emergency clinic, and the number for the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center 1-888-426-4435. A $50 fee will be applied to credit card 

Before you call, note the time your pet was exposed to the toxin, the type of product ingested, the manufacturer's name and any ingredients you can find listed on packaging.

The OVMA recommends in an Emergency to contact the ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center 1-888-426-4435. (A $65 consultation fee may be applied to your credit card.) 

* Indicates that a substance is especially dangerous and can be fatal.

  • Alcohol (all beverages, ethanol, methanol, isopropyl)
  • Almonds*
  • Amaryllis bulb*
  • Anthuriaum*
  • Apricot*
  • Autumn crocus (Colchicum Autumnale)*
  • Avocado (leaves, seeds, stem, skin)*
        (fatal to birds)
  • Azalea (entire rhododendron family)
  • Begonia*
  • Bird of Paradise
  • Bittersweet
  • Bleeding heart*
  • Boxwood
  • Bracken fern
  • Buckeye
  • Buttercup (Ranunculus)
  • Caffeine
  • Caladium*
  • Calla lily*
  • Castor bean* (can be fatal if chewed)
  • Cherry
  • Chinese sacred or heavenly bamboo*
  • Chocolate
  • Choke cherry, unripe berries*
  • Chrysanthemum
        (a natural source of pyrethrins)
  • Clematis
  • Crocus bulb
  • Croton (Codiaeum sp.)
  • Delphinium, larkspur, monkshood*
  • Dumb cane (Dieffenbachia)*
  • Elderberry, unripe berries*
  • English ivy (All Hedera species of ivy)
  • Fig (Ficus)
  • Four-o'clocks (Mirabilis)
  • Foxglove (Digitalis)*
  • Garlic*
  • Grapes/raisins in large amounts
  • Hyacinth bulbs
  • Hydrangea*
  • Holly berries
  • Iris corms
  • Jack-in-the-pulpit*
  • Jimson weed*
  • Kalanchoe*
  • Lantana*
  • Lily (bulbs of most species)
  • Lily-of-the-valley*
  • Lupine species
  • Marijuana or hemp (Cannabis)
  • Milkweed*
  • Mistletoe berries*
  • Morning glory*
  • Mountain laurel
  • Narcissus, daffodil (Narcissus)
  • Oak* (remove bark for use as a bird perch)
  • Oleander*
  • Onions*
  • Peaches*
  • Pencil cactus/plant* (Euphorbia sp.)
  • Philodendron (all species)*
  • Poinsettia (many hybrids, avoid them all)
  • Potato (leaves & stem)
  • Rhubarb leaves*
  • Rosary Pea (Arbus sp.) (can be fatal if chewed)
  • Scheffelera (umbrella plant)*
  • Shamrock (Oxalis sp.)*
  • Spurge (Euphorbia sp.)
  • Tomatoes (leaves & stem)
  • Yew*
Other substances that are very harmful include (but are not limited to):
  • Household cleansers and disinfectants
  • Drain Cleaners
  • Lead
  • Acetone
  • Antifreeze
  • Insecticides
  • Wood preservatives and shellac
  • Rodent poison
  • Mercury
  • Chocolate
  • Cigarettes and other nicotine products and smoke
  • fabric softeners
  • Laundry supplies
  • Bleach
  • Suntan lotion
  • Cosmetics
  • Crayons (dangerous for birds)
  • Rust (keep birds away)
  • Fumes are dangerous to birds: smoke-filled air, insecticide spray, deodorizers, spray cleaners, fumes from fresh paint, gas, and overheated Teflon (very deadly).



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